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There is a difference in business culture between Asia and the West. Much of the startup related literature are western dominated and there is a vacuum for Asian business strategies related discussions in English. On each episode of CHATS, Old Chang will pick a topic which will interest English speaking founders and professionals by seeking out relevant lessons from Chinese history.
 
In this podcast, Matthew Rothwell, author of Transpacific Revolutionaries: The Chinese Revolution in Latin America, explores the global history of ideas related to rebellion and revolution. The main focus of this podcast for the near future will be on the history of the Chinese Revolution, going all the way back to its roots in the initial Chinese reactions to British imperialism during the Opium War of 1839-1842, and then following the development of the revolution and many of the ideas tha ...
 
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Stage 1: Starting Up Phase , form with those you trust, your brothers. Unity and Staying together 初创阶段,用兄弟,心齐。 Stage 2: Scaling up Phase, make use of professional talent, to tap on each other’s strengths 成长阶段,用专家,强力。 Stage 3: Explosion phase, leverage on external partnerships to harness scale and resources 完胜阶段,用外协,集势。 Talent comes in many forms, d…
 
The Fifth Party Congress of the Communist Party (April 29 to May 9, 1927) decides that the united front is better without Chiang Kai-shek. Further reading: Steve Smith, A Road Is Made: Communism in Shanghai, 1920-1927 Tony Saich, The Rise to Power of the Chinese Communist Party Stuart Schram, ed., Mao’s Road to Power, vol. 2: National Revolution an…
 
The statistical evidence from Japan for the 1870 to 1890 period bears out the extent of her modernization. By any measure, railroad trackage, coal production or use, or miles of telegraph or telephone wires installed, Japan had vastly grown. In February 1889, the Meiji Emperor presented to the Japanese people its written constitution. It enshrined …
 
Chiang Kai-shek’s April 12, 1927 coup against the Communists. Further reading: Steve Smith, A Road Is Made: Communism in Shanghai, 1920-1927 Elizabeth Perry, Shanghai on Strike: The Politics of Chinese Labor Maurice Meisner, Li Ta-chao and the Origins of Chinese Marxism Stuart Schram, ed., Mao’s Road to Power, vol. 3: From the Jinggangshan to the E…
 
Korea continued to be a major focus for Japan. The Treaty of Kanghwa between Japan and Korea in 1876, ruffled China’s feathers. In 1885, Japan and China agreed to their own treaty (Treaty of Tientsin) each promising to remove their armies from the Korean Peninsula and to stay out of the region. At best it would buy only a few years of peace between…
 
By the late 1870s, the new government faced enormous financial pressures. It dealt with yen depreciation and price inflation. The former Samurais suffered greatly because of the conditions. For that, and other reasons, some of them revolted in early 1877. This caused the Seinan or Samurai War. The Meiji Emperor was able to defeat the former Samurai…
 
On March 21-22, 1927, Shanghai fell to a combination of general strike, armed uprising, and the advance of the National Revolutionary Army. Further reading: Steve Smith, A Road Is Made: Communism in Shanghai, 1920-1927 Some names from this episode: Chen Duxiu, General Secretary of the Communist Party Li Qiushi, Delegate to the Fifth Communist Party…
 
The new Meiji Government replaced the Shogunate. Gone were the Shogun and Samurai. Now replaced with young, forward thinking leaders desperately wanting to overcome the treaty humiliations caused by the previous government. To do this they planned and executed an aggressive, comprehensive plan to modernize and westernize Japan. They wanted the new …
 
The question of what sort of revolution the Nationalist revolution will be creates a fundamental division within the Guomindang. Further reading: C. Martin Wilbur and Julie Lien-ying How, Missionaries of Revolution: Soviet Advisers and Nationalist China, 1920-1927 C. Martin Wilbur, The Nationalist Revolution in China, 1923-1928 Stuart Schram, ed., …
 
The last fifteen years of the Edo Era is known as the Bakumatsu. All the pressures on Japan came together ending the Era and the Tokugawa Shogunate. Japan was warned the foreign nations were coming. To her credit she began to modernize and westernize long before the Shogunate was toppled in the 1860s. The Boshin War (Japanese Civil War) ended the S…
 
Summations of the Second Uprising on several different levels; the continuing inability of the Shanghai Regional Committee of the Communist Party to control the ‘dog-beating’ squads; and some thoughts on the problem of the inevitability of errors being made in revolutionary armed struggle and Mao’s thinking on that problem. Further reading: Steve S…
 
Continuation of the discussion of the Edo Era. I will focus on the period of time beginning in the 19th century. The class hierarchy system continues to erode and invert. The arrival of American Commodore Perry will end Japan's isolationism, and set into motion her modernization and westernization efforts. From the American expeditions to Japan, tw…
 
Where we continue to follow the insurrectionary journey of the Shanghai Communists. Further reading: Steve Smith, A Road Is Made: Communism in Shanghai, 1920-1927 C. Martin Wilbur and Julie Lien-ying How, Missionaries of Revolution: Soviet Advisers and Nationalist China, 1920-1927 Some names from this episode: Chen Duxiu, General Secretary of the C…
 
The bumpy road that the Communist Party took in Shanghai as it developed its capacity to deploy organized violence as a political tactic. Further reading: Steve Smith, A Road Is Made: Communism in Shanghai, 1920-1927 Some names from this episode: Wang Shouhua, Leading Communist labor organizer in Shanghai Yu Xiaqing, Leader of a nationalist faction…
 
1. Talents come in all shapes and sizes. 2. Startup is an extreme sport. The skill sets getting into ivy league, a PHD or into a prestigious firm only reveals technical competency. The skill sets requied to get admitted into the above mentioned may not be relevant for the purposes of a startup. 3. Founders need to be clear on what kind of team they…
 
Any discussion of the Meiji Restoration in Japan would be incomplete without a discussion of the Era that preceded it. The Edo Era (or Tokugawa Shogunate) began after the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600. The first half of the Shogunate was a prosperous and peaceful time in Japan. It was ruled by a Shogun (the Emperor was only a nominal political leade…
 
The tension between maintaining the united front and mobilizing the peasants for revolution finds expression in a crucial debate over strategy at the end of 1926. Further reading: C. Martin Wilbur and Julie Lien-ying How, Missionaries of Revolution: Soviet Advisers and Nationalist China, 1920-1927 Tony Saich, The Rise to Power of the Chinese Commun…
 
Debate breaks out within the Communist Party and the Comintern over how to assess the balance of forces and relate to the developing revolutionary situation engendered by the mass movements in Hunan and Hubei in late 1926. Further reading: C. Martin Wilbur and Julie Lien-ying How, Missionaries of Revolution: Soviet Advisers and Nationalist China, 1…
 
Welcome to the second season of my podcast. This season I want to delve into and answer the question that I have long wondered. Why did Japan respond and fare better than China to relentless, aggressive assaults in the 19th century from foreign (particularly Western) nations? To get there I talk about the Japanese Meiji Restoration including the Er…
 
Mass upheaval in Hunan and elsewhere after people are liberated from warlord rule. Further reading: C. Martin Wilbur and Julie Lien-ying How, Missionaries of Revolution: Soviet Advisers and Nationalist China, 1920-1927 Yokoyama Suguru, “The Peasant Movement in Hunan” Stuart Schram, ed., Mao’s Road to Power, vol. 2: National Revolution and Social Re…
 
Examining the role of both organized and unorganized mass support for the Northern Expedition in its first phase, the offensive from Guangdong to Wuhan from May to October 1926. Further reading: Donald Jordan, The Northern Expedition: China's National Revolution of 1926-1928 C. Martin Wilbur and Julie Lien-ying How, Missionaries of Revolution: Sovi…
 
Dear founders and listeners, this is Old Chang. Welcome to my new podcast Program CHATSU - Chinese history and Tech Startups, where we draw lessons from history to chart our own future. In this episode, we will explore how Liu Bei courts ZhugeLiang and draw parallel to how Jack Ma courts Joe Tsai during the early day of Alibaba.…
 
The new, young (and the last) Emperor took the Qing Dynasty throne. He is most famously known by his Western name, Henry Puyi. He would be Emperor for less than three and a half years. What started out as a benign issue over the ownership and control of some railways in Central China metastasized into the Xinhai Revolution. The Manchus badly manage…
 
Mao's political activity and intellectual development during the first nine months of 1926. Further Reading: Gerald Berkley, “The Canton Peasant Movement Training Institute” Stuart Schram, ed., Mao’s Road to Power, vol. 2: National Revolution and Social Revolution, December 1920-June 1927 Yokoyama Suguru, “The Peasant Movement in Hunan” Philip C. C…
 
Hello everyone, this is my try in recording a podcast to talk about Chinese History and some learnings for startup founders. Will like to start with something famous and light today - 三顾茅庐 (San 1 Gu4 Mao 2 Lu 2 Literally which means, 3 visits to the grass hut) Some person takeaways from the story for start up founders 1. Ask what is your current po…
 
How the Communist Party took the formula of "Haifeng + armed self-defense" and set out to organize the peasants of Guangdong, and beyond. Further Reading: Pang Yong-pil, “Peng Pai: From Landlord to Revolutionary” Yuan Gao, “Revolutionary Rural Politics: The Peasant Movement in Guangdong and Its Social-Historical Background, 1922–1926” Robert Marks,…
 
Talk grew of removing the Manchus from power. The revolutionary leader, Sun Yat Sen, emerged as a leader of a new revolutionary alliance. Their goal was to replace the Qing Dynasty with a republican form of government. The Manchus managed some reforms in the early 20th century. They were too little and too late. Russia and Japan went to war with ea…
 
Peng Pai and the beginning of the peasant movement in Guangdong Province. Further Reading: Pang Yong-pil, “Peng Pai: From Landlord to Revolutionary” Yuan Gao, “Revolutionary Rural Politics: The Peasant Movement in Guangdong and Its Social-Historical Background, 1922–1926” Robert Marks, Rural Revolution in South China: Peasants and the Making of His…
 
Tensions come to a head between Chiang Kai-shek, Wang Jingwei and General Kuibyshev, as a Soviet plot backfires spectacularly. Further Reading: C. Martin Wilbur and Julie Lien-ying How, Missionaries of Revolution: Soviet Advisers and Nationalist China, 1920-1927 Wu Tien-wei, “Chiang Kai-shek's March Twentieth Coup d'Etat of 1926” Barbara Tuchman, S…
 
Beginning in the mid-70s Japan expanded its influence in Korea. China tried to support Korea but this led to political and military conflict with Japan. In the mid-80s a treaty was completed between the Manchu Dynasty and Japan. Both nations agreed to stay out of Korea. A religious rebellion in Korea forced the Korean King to request assistance fro…
 
An oral history interview with Monica Shay (née Newbold, aka Kathryn) about her experience in China in 1971-72. Some names from this episode: William Hinton, author of Fanshen and other books on China Jiang Qing, leading radical during Cultural Revolution and wife of Mao Zedong Revolutionary Union (RU), pro-China communist group in the US in early …
 
The song "New China" by the band Prairie Fire, from the 1976 album Break the Chains. This song will be referenced in our next episode. Support the show (https://www.paypal.com/donate?hosted_button_id=DACDMMMEASJVJ)โดย Matthew Rothwell
 
Mao’s first major statement on the need for a strategic reorientation toward mobilizing the peasantry. The chart cited in the episode is now on the podcast website (as of 8-24-20): https://peopleshistoryofideas.com/episode-33-the-beginning-of-maoism-mao-zedongs-analysis-of-all-the-classes-in-chinese-society/. Further Reading: Stuart Schram, ed., Ma…
 
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